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备战2008年中考英语典型例题解析

备战2008年中考英语典型例题解析

分类:中考英语   更新:2006/3/10   作者:szmdyzhy   来源:本站原创

备战2008年中考英语典型例题解析

    动词的时态、语态以及复句是初中阶段非常重要的学习内容,也是中考的必考内容。能否正确运用它们直接影响着考试成绩。在中考临近之际,我们来共同分析一些典型例题。
    动词的时态
    类型一:现在完成时与一般过去时的区别典型题例:a my parents have been to beijingbreallywhenthere
    a will they go bdid they goc had they goned have they gone
    解题技巧:when 和where 一般不跟现在完成时连用,这句中的“去北京”这一动作是过去发生的,所以答案应为b 
    类型二:延续性动词与非延续性动词在现在完成时中的用法典型题例:a how long youthe bicyclebabout two weeksa 
    havehad bhaveboughtc didbuy dhaveget 
    解题技巧:现在完成时表示过去已经开始持续到现在的动作或状态可以和表示一段的时间状语连用,此用法的动词必须是延续性动词,如live study work be stay等。而非延续性动词用于现在完成时,不可与for since how long 一起连用,如需表示这类动作发生多久时常把这一类动词转换成延续性动词。所以答案为a。
    类型三:have has been to 与have hasgone to 
    典型题例:a where is your motherb sheto america shethere twice a has been has goneb has gone has been
    c has beenhas been d has gonehas gone
    解题技巧:has been to someplace 曾经去过某地,指现在不在那里;has gone to someplace 现在已去了某地或在某地的路上,指现在尚未回来。所以答案选b 动词的语态类型一:一般现在时、一般过去时的被动语态及含情态动词的被动语态典型题例:chinese by the largest number of people in the world 
    aspeakbis speaking
    cspeaks dis spoken 
    解题技巧:本题考查一般现在时的被动语态,所以答案选d 类型二:固定结构中的介词或副词在被动结构当中不可省略典型题例:these pandas should
    a taken good care of
    bbe taken good care 
    cbe taken good care of 
    dtake good care of 
    解题技巧:此题考查含有情态动词的被动语态,且介词of 不能省略。故答案为c 
    类型三:含有复合宾语的被动语态典型题例:the boy to get sup per ready after school
    awere told bis telling
    cwas tolddtells 
    解题技巧:此题是考查tell sbto do sth的被动语态,故答案为c 
    类型四:无被动语态的动词,如,looksoundsmelltastefeelhappen
    典型题例:something to him yesterday 
    awas happenedbhappenedc 
    were happeneddhad happened
    解题技巧:happen作“发生”讲,“事情”作主语,无被动语态。故答案选b 状语
    从句类型一:时间状语从句典型题例: have you been i saw you last
    asincewhere bwhenwhere
    cwheresince dwhileas 
    解题技巧 since 是连词引导时间状语从句“自从……以来”常与现在完成时搭配,根据题意应选c
    类型二:条件状语从句
    典型题例:please come to our meet ing if youfree tomorrow
    awillbwill becaredwere
    解题技巧:ifunless 引导的条件状语从句含有将来的意义,用一般现在时表达。所以答案选c 
    类型三:比较状语从句典型题例:i ll work i can
    aso hardly asbso hard ascas hardly asdas hard as 
    解题技巧 so …as 只能用于否定或疑问句中,所以应排除a bhardly 是否定词“几乎不”,故排c所以答案为d 类型四:结果状语从句典型题例:he hasstrange ques tions that his teacher couldn t answer them
    asuch many bso many 
    csuch much dso much
    解题技巧 此题考查so…that …such…that …句型,通常such 修饰名词,so 修饰形容词、副词,但so many so muchso little so 
    few 属习惯用语。答案选b 
    类型五:其他状语从句典型题例:tom stayed at home yes terdayhe had a cold
    a afterb until c if d because
    解题技巧 根据句意来断定,他感冒是呆在家里的原因,故答案选d
    宾语从句类型一:选择连接词典型题例:ai don t know mrgreen will come to see usbhe will help us with our englisha why b whenc howd where
    解题技巧 根据回答所给出的信息,我们判断应该选a
    类型二:宾语从句为陈述语序典型题例:do you knowi m going to see himsorryi don t know
    awhere does mrli live
    bwhere did mrli live
    cwhere mrli lives
    dwhere mrli lived 
    解题技巧宾语从句应用陈述语序,而且是现在时态,答案应是c 
    类型三:时态的呼应典型题例:the teacher asked the new student
    awhich class was he in
    bwhich class he was in
    cwhich class he is in 
    dwhich class he will be in
    解题技巧 宾语从句需用陈述语序,故排除答案a又因为主句是过去时,宾语从句也应是过去时,所以答案为b 
    类型四:状语从句,宾语从句的综合典型题例:amike wants to know if a picnic tomorrowbyesbut if itwe ll visit the museum instead
    ayou havewill rain byou will havewill rain
    cyou will haverains dwill you have rains 
    解题技巧:此题中的第一句包含一个宾语从句,因为主句是一般现在时,从句用一般将来时;第二句为条件状语从句,由于主句是一般将来时,从句需用一般现在时。故答案为c 以上是我们针对河北省的中考内容提供的一些练习,同学们可仔细研究,总结规律,力求达到事半功倍的复习效果。

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